Mysterious Ice Circle of Lake Baikal

On 2009, a mysterious phenomenon on the lake occurred, when strange, huge circles with diameters of up to 4.4 km started to appear in the ice of Russia’s Lake Baikal during particularly cold months. The bizarre circular ice formations were first spotted by astronauts aboard the International Space Station (ISS) and their discovery immediately ignited speculation as to their cause. They charted the progress of the circles when they first appeared on April 5 until April 27 when the ice was beginning to split apart.

Lake Baikal is in a rift valley and is the largest (by volume) and deepest (5,400ft) fresh water lake on Earth. The World Heritage site is also one of the world’s oldest lakes aged between 25 to 30million years old. Sediment deposited on the bottom is up to 4.3 miles deep. This lake is the only confined freshwater lake in which direct and indirect evidence of gas hydrates exists. 

Circle of thin ice with diameter of 4.4 km
The two circles are the focal points for ice break-up and may be caused by upwelling of warmer water in the lake. The dark color of the circles is due to thinning of the ice, which usually hangs around into June. Circles have been seen in that area before in 1985 and 1994, though they weren’t nearly as pronounced. 

It is currently believed that the ice circles are the result of methane gasses gurgling up from the bottom and resulting in swirling warm water currents that then formed the circular formations on the lake ice.

Ice cover changes rapidly at this time of year on the Russian lake and can melt and freeze overnight. Scientists believe a spurt of warm water rose to the surface creating the distinctive pattern but are puzzled by the source of heat. Hydrothermal activity and high heat flow has been observed in other parts of the lake but one of the circles appeared near the southern tip, over relatively deep - normally cold - water.


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The Moselle Shoals

Just north of Bimini, the Moselle Shoal (Moselle Reef) presents another supposedly mysterious site for divers to investigate. Lying at the same depth, 19 feet, as the Bimini Road, and approximately 5 miles further away to the northeast, Moselle Shoals is a jumbled collection of squared, granite "columns," resembling the collapsed ruin of a temple or public edifice of some kind, which some theorists insist are the remnants of a lost civilization called Atlantis. This manmade appearance is enhanced by a total absence of any other stones, megalithic or otherwise, on the sea bottom. At about 30 feet across and perhaps 200 feet long, the "ruin" approximates the dimensions and configuration of an elongated building.
Stone on Moselle Shoals northeast of Bimini

One explorer-author, Richard Wingate, has written "The Lost Outpost of Atlantis", in which he describes evidence of human engineering in the blocks. More significantly, he claimed that many of these blocks were not only regular in shape, with right angles and smooth surfaces, but that they also bore evidence of circular bore holes which regularly penetrated their entire width, depth or length for anything up to twelve feet. Strangest of all was his claim that some granite blocks possessed five-sided bore-holes which appeared to turn as they passed through the solid rock, rather like the barrelling of a rifle. Although the Moselle Shoals lies in the same waters with the Bimini Road, but the structures are wholly unlike one another, they may share a common Atlantean identity. However, some less sanguine theorists have concluded that the granite blocks are ballast from galleons.


Earth's Catastrophic Past and Future: A Scientific Analysis of Information Channeled by Edgar Cayce written by William Hutton, Jonathan Eagle

The Atlantis Encyclopedia by Frank Joseph;

The Rough Guides to The Bahamas by Natalie Folster, ‎Gaylord Dold

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Earth's Catastrophic Past and Future: A Scientific Analysis of Information Channeled by Edgar Cayce written by William Hutton, Jonathan Eagle page 272
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Lawndale Incident

The Lawndale incident is among the most important avian cryptozoological events ever to have been investigated. It is a modern, real life enactment of a kind of episode portrayed in folklore all over the world: the attempted abduction ofa child by a Thunderbird. Its status was recently reinforced when it was highlighted on the 1998 Yorkshire Television/Discovery Channel series on cryptids, Into the Unknown.

On July 25, 1977, as ten-year-old Marlon Lowe played outside his family home along open fields near Kickapoo Creek, two giant birds passed over. One suddenly swooped down to grab the boy, carrying him a few feet before dropping him, apparently because of his frightened mother's screams. The incident occurred in front of seven witnesses, all of whom described exactly the same thing:two huge, coal-black birds with long, white-ringed necks, long curled beaks, and wingspans of ten or more feet.

Jerry Coleman of Decatur, Illionis, was able to interview Marlon and his parents, jake and Ruth Lowe, within hours of the incidents. Two years later, he conducted a follow-up interview, this time accompanied by his brother loren. In 1996, Jerry Coleman, accompanied by a crew from Yorkshire Television, spoke again with Marlon and his mother.

"I'll always remember how that huge thing was bending its white ringed neck," Ruth Lowe remarked. It "seemed to peck at Marlon as it was flying away." Though she compared the bird's size to that of an ostrich, she said it looked like a condor. 
Illustration of Unknown Giant Bird Carrying Marlon Lowe

After the incident she spent many hours in the library trying to identify the bird, without success. She rejected a local sheriff's speculation that it had been no more than a turkey vulture. "I was standing at the door, and all I saw was Marlon's feet dangling in the air," she recalled, adding the obvious: "There just aren't any birds around here that could lift him up like that."

Several other incidents followed quickly in the wake of the one at Lawndale. Sightings occurred in late July and early August 11, in southwestern Illionis, near Odin, the 1977 series of Thunderbird sightings publicly ceased.

Viewed by some as a tall tale, from the beginning, the Lawndale Thunderbird was compared to an Andean condor, because the descriptions given by the witnesses of these birds match that of an Andean condor: a large black bird, with a white ringed neck and a wingspan up to 10 feet (3 m). Due to the size, speculation next ran to a surviving population of Teratorns to take into account the long history of Thunderbird sightings, and the three principal migration routes: (1) out West, (2) up and down between the Ozarks, through Illinois, into the Wisconsin Dells, and (3) from the Balds in the Carolinas north along the Appalachian Mountains. However, an Andean condor's talons are not strong enough to lift heavy objects. Loren Coleman and his brother Jerry interviewed several witnesses after the reported event. 
Officials had begun telling the newspapers that people were seeing turkey vultures and letting their imaginations run away with them. The Lowe report, impossible to square with turkey vultures, was dismissed out of hand. As public ridicule was setting in, witnesses grew quiet about what they were seeing.

Cryptozoology A-Z: "The Encyclopedia of Loch Monsters, Sasquatch, Chupacabras, and Other Authentic Mysteries of Nature by Loren Coleman & Jerome Clark

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Joliet The Cursed Doll

According to legend, for four generations the women in Anna G’s family have been cursed to keep up a cruel tradition. Each daughter gives birth to two children, a boy and a girl. In each case, the son mysteriously dies on its third day of life. Anna’s been told that a doll named Joliet was given to her then-pregnant great-grandmother by a vengeful friend. Soon after, her great-grandmother gave birth to a boy, only to have it die on day three. It's also believed that the doll would then capture the souls of the deceased children in its body, and it would then be heard crying. The family believes that each spirit of the boy children is cursed to inhabit the doll until Judgment Day. 
In August 1945, the doll did the first paranormal thing. It giggled as the owner's cat walked by her feet. Family pets always hid, and wanting to stay away from the doll.

Anna said, she lost her only son at three days old from mysterious circumstance in the hospital. Her mother lost her Son the same way as did her Grandmother and Great Grandmother. The sound of infants crying and screaming come from the doll. It can be heard quite clearly. She said, her family have not tried to get rid of it because they know the souls of their lost sons are trapped inside and do not want them to come to any harm. It is a haunted curse that her family bares.

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Mysterious Sleeping Epidemic In Krasnogorsk

In the Soviet era, Krasnogorsk was a secret and 'closed' uranium mining town run directly from Moscow. In those days, the population was 6,500, but now it is ghost town. Scientists are struggling to identify the cause of a 'sleeping epidemic' (encephalitis) among the 130 remaining residents and in the nearby village of Kalachi in Kazakhstan (pop. 680), which causes victims to doze off for up to six days at a time. Weakness, drowsiness, dizziness and memory loss are also symptoms. There are even fears that an elderly man was buried alive before the epidemic was diagnosed. The illness was allegedly first reported in March 2013, and has come in a number of waves - for example in May 2013, New Year 2014, and May 2014. About 60 people have been affected so far. Some residents even keep bags packed in case they need to be whisked to hospital. The epidemic is thought to have some connection to the disused uranium mine nearby, but what that connection might be is a mystery. Almost 7,000 experiments have been conducted, with everything tested from loca vodka to radiation, and including analyses of soil, water, air, blood, hair and nails. So far, all have come back inconclusive.

Two children who have suffered the sleep epidemic were struck by hallucinations. Misha Plyukhin told how he saw light bulbs and horses flying around him, and then saw his mother with eight eyes and a trunk. Then he recalled snakes and worms in his beds, eating his arms. Rudolf Boyarinos saw something too, but he does not remember. His relatives say four of them had to calm him when he shouted 'monsters!'. The boys are back at school but seem to struggle to cope with their studies while adults report headaches and memory loss.

Abandoned Uranium Mines in Krasnogorsk
Local speculate that the problem arises after a sudden rise in temperature, but this has not been corroborated. While some scientists claim uranium gas evaporates from the mine, other claim it has seeped into local rivers.

Dr. Kabdrashit Almagambetov, chief physician in the district capital Esil, treated Alexander Pavlyuchenko, who fell into a long slumber while on a visit to the local cemetery. He awoke insisting he had been on a fishing expedition. "When the patient wakes up, he will remember nothing," said Dr. Almagambetov. "The story is same each time - weakness, slow reactions, then fast asleep. Sadly, the nature of this condition is still unknown. We have excluded infections, we checked blood and spine liquid, nothing is there." Radon gas is seen as a possible cause, but the doctor is sceptical. They have discounted underground gas and the local mobile phone mast. They tested homes for radon gas. Tests on high radiation levels, heavy metal salts, bacteriological and viral tests have proved negative. He said, the patient wake up a maximum in one hour after hospitalized. These people sleep for two day to six days, so what is the concentration of this gas then? And why does one person fall asleep and somebody who lives with him does not?

Scientists in Tomsk say they are convinced it is from a very different cause. Kazakhstan's Environmental Protection and Water Resources Minister Nurlan Kapparov pledged few months ago to discover what caused the encephalitis outbreak in residents. So far, it remains unsolved, with the Tomsk scientists so far unable to travel to Kazakhstan.

Fortean Times Magazine Vol. 316 July 2014: "Strange Days - The Big Sleep...";

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Fortean Times Magazine Vol. 316 July 2014 page 8 Is the mine responsible for the rash of hallucinations among local children?
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The Stone Spheres of Costa Rica

The Stone Spheres of Costa Rica also known as Las Bolas (petrospheres) are believed to have been first created around the year 600, with most dating to after 1,000 but before the Spanish conquest, ranging in size from 2ft 4in to 8ft 5in (70-256cm) - that dot the sites. Including those on the Isla del Cano, there are over 300 of these orbs, some weighing up to 16 tons. Most are sculpted from gabbro or granodiorite, a coarse grained equivalent of basalt; a dozen or so are made from coquina, a hard material similar to limestone formed from a shell and sand in beach deposits, and another dozen from sandstone. However, no one actually knows how the orbs were made or why. The only method available for dating the carved stones is stratigraphy, but most stones are no longer in their original locations. These Costa Rica’s iconic stone spheres have been recognized for their value to World Heritage by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The UNESCO listing only applies to balls with a diameter of 70 cm or larger and its unclear how or if it will affect the many spheres that have been removed from Costa Rica. Of more than 300 recorded petrospheres found in the southern region about a dozen remain in their original context, according to an educated estimate by John W. Hoopes, an archaeologist whose research contributed to the UNESCO listing.


The Stone Sphere of Costa Rica at the Museo Nacional in San José

The spheres are commonly attributed to the extinct Diquís culture and are sometimes referred to as the Diquís Spheres. They are the best-known stone sculptures of the Isthmo-Colombian area. They were initially reported in the late 19th century, scientific interest was first piqued after a great many more were discovered in the 1930s by the United Fruit Company clearing the jungle for banana plantations. Workmen pushed them aside with bulldozers and heavy equipment; additionally, inspired by the stories of hidden gold, they began to drill holes in the orbs and blow them open with dynamite - until the authorities intervened. However, many still remain where they were placed centuries ago, and judging by the style and carbon-dating of associated pottery, can be dated from AD 1000 to the coming of the Spaniards; however this methodology only provides the date of the latest use of the orbs, which could be many centuries older.

Numerous myths surround the stones, such as they came from Atlantis, or that they were made naturally (like the stone balls found in Jalisco, Mexico). Some local legends state that the native inhabitants had access to a potion able to soften the rock. Research led by Joseph Davidovits of the Geopolymer Institute in France has been offered in support of this hypothesis, but it is not supported by geological or archaeological evidence.

Many of the orbs were found to be in alignments, consisting of straight and curved lines, as well as triangles and parallelograms. One group of four orbs was found to be arranged in a line oriented to magnetic north, leading to speculation that they might have been arranged by people familiar with the use of magnetic compasses or astronomical alignments. Some have regarded the spheres as navigational aids or relics related to Stonehenge or the Easter Island heads. In the cosmogony of the Bribri, shared by the Cabecares and other native American groups, the orbs are "Tara's cannonballs". tara or Tlatcque, the god of thunder, used a giant blowpipe to shoot the orbs at the Serkes, gods of Winds and Hurricanes, in order to drive them out of these lands.

Fortean Times Magazine Vol. 318, September 2014: "The Mystery Orbs of Costa Rica"
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The Romblon Triangle

The Romblon Triangle is a region in the central seas of the Philippines which lies near the province of Romblon, where a number of surface vessels are alleged to be either mysteriously disappeared or sunk under unexplainable circumstances. Dubbed as the Philippines version of the infamous Bermuda Triangle, this “cursed” area is blamed for almost 40 maritime disasters that have occurred since the early 80’s. Philippine Coast Guard believes that such disasters are due to natural phenomenon like high tides, heavy typhoons among others; outcome of its navigational potentials and topographic features. On the other hand, popular culture assumes paranormal tales which may intervene with the passing vessels.

The boundaries of the triangle covers the entire area of northern Romblon province, and its endpoint lies on Concepcion municipality, in-between of the Dos Hermanas islands (Isabel and Carlota islands) and Sibuyan Island. Native Romblomanons have heard stories about the mythical “Lolo Amang” and his golden ship. Legend has it that prior to any maritime disaster, the mysterious ship would show up to seafarers only to disappear once the sea turns pitch black.

Romblon Triangle

Sibale Mayor Lemuel Cipriano said that a lot of ships have made the Romblon Triangle as their final resting place. They went down to their watery grave with thousands of people on board.

In 1980, the Don Juan with at least 1,000 on board collided with an oil tanker and sunk; In 1987, the Dona Paz with 4,000 passengers collided with an oil tanker and sunk; In 2008, the Princess of Stars with more than 1,000 passengers capsized and sunk during a typhoon.

In World War II, the triangle claimed as victims four Japanese battleships during the Battle of Sibuyan Sea on October 24, 1944. Allied planes sunk Musashi, Japan’s second most powerful battleship, and two destroyers --- Nagato and Myoko --- while Yamato, Japan’s symbol of naval power, was heavily damaged it eventually sunk in the sea in Okinawa.

Other than the ships that pass by during the day, residents swear they also see a “ghost ship” during the night, which is brightly lighted and “it glistens like gold.”

They said minutes before the Don Juan collided with the oil tanker on the night of April 22, 1980, the ghost ship appeared and the Don Juan captain tried to avoid it but crashed into the tanker instead and sunk with more than 1,000 people on board.

But an official of the Philippine Coast Guard said the waters from the Pacific Ocean and the West Philippine Sea intersect in Tablas Strait and it forms a riptide that cause big waves that makes the area dangerous for ships.


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Mystery Of The Tjipetir Blocks

For the past few years, 100-year-old rubber-like blocks inscribed with the word “Tjipetir” have been mysteriously washing up on beaches in the UK and northern Europe without explanation. Tjipetir is the name of an early 20th century rubber plantation in Indonesia and the tablets are made from the sap of the gutta-percha tree, a tropical tree native to Asia and northern Australia. It was used in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries to insulate telegraph cables on the seabed. The name comes from Sundanese (tji/ci means "river" and petir means "thunder"), and literally means "Thunder River". The rubbery tablets are most likely to be made of this material, which is formed from the sap of gutta-percha trees found in the region. The most recent discovery was four rubber squares also stamped with the word ‘Tjipetir’ which were found in Newquay, Cornwall.

The mystery began in the summer of 2012 when Tracey Williams was walking her dog along a beach near her home in Newquay, Cornwall, United Kingdom, when she spotted a black tablet on the sand, made of something resembling rubber. It looked like a large chopping board and the word "Tjipetir" was engraved into it. Weeks later, she found another such curiosity on a different beach alongside bales of rubber, washed up in a cove. She began to research the origins of these mysterious blocks using social media. Eventually, the story attracted the attention of oceanographers, divers, historians, journalists and filmmakers.

Blocks of Rubber Inscribed with the word "TJIPETIR"

Many people speculated that the blocks might have come from the doomed Titanic, which sank in 1912, because gutta-percha tablets had been listed on the ocean liner’s manifest. Gutta-percha tablets were listed on the Titanic’s manifest before it sank on April 15, 1912.

But in the summer of 2013, a year after Williams found her first block, she learned another possibility. Two people reached out to her, independent of one another, saying the blocks came from a wreck 150 miles west of the Isles of Scilly, off England’s Cornish peninsula. “They both suggested the cargo was coming from this Japanese passenger ship called the Miyazaki Maru,” she said. “It was carrying passengers from Japan, heading to London.” The wreck of the
Miyazaki Maru which sank in 1917 has been put forward as potential source of the blocks but batches discovered decades ago could still be from other ships.


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The Devil's Trill Sonata

In 1765, the violin virtuoso and composer Giuseppe Tartini (1692–1770) allegedly told the French astronomer Jérôme Lalande that back in the year of 1713 he dreamed The Devil appeared to him and asked to be his servant. Then he had made a deal with the Devil to whom he gave his violin who then played a solo so beautiful. Tartini suddenly awoke, tried to remember and transcribe what he had heard but the resulting "Devil's Trill" Sonata also known as The Violin Sonata in G Minor, even though better than anything he had written before, was apparently a pale reflection of the original.

The complete story is told by Tartini himself in Lalande's Voyage d'un François en Italie (1765 - 66):

"Tartini's Dream" by Louis-Léopold Boilly (1824)

‘One night I dreamt that I had made a pact with the devil; he was my servant and anticipated my every wish. I had the idea of giving him my violin to see if he might play me some pretty tunes (beaux aires), but imagine my astonishment when I heard a sonata so unusual and so beautiful, performed with such mastery and intelligence, on a level I had never before conceived was possible! I was so overcome that I stopped breathing and awoke gasping. Immediately I seized my violin, hoping to recall some shred of what I had just heard – but in vain. The piece I then composed is without a doubt my best, and I still call it The Devil’s Sonata, but it falls so short of the one that stunned me that I would have smashed my violin and given up music forever if I could but have possessed it.’ 

the "Devil's Trill Sonata" is Tartini's most famous work. A solo violin sonata that requires a number of technically demanding double stop trills and is difficult even by modern standards. One 19th-century myth had it that Tartini had six digits on his left hand, making these trills easier for him to play. 
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Mysterious Disappearance of Frederick Valentich

On October 21, 1978, an Australian pilot named Frederick Valentich disappeared under mysterious circumstances while on a 125 mile training flight in his single engine Cessna 182 along the coast of Bass Strait. Just before he disappeared, he told air traffic controllers in Melbourne that he was being followed by an unknown flying object with 4 bright lights about 1000 feet above him. According to Controllers statement his last message was recorded and was: "It's approaching from due east towards me. It seems to be playing some sort of game... flying at a speed I can't estimate. It's not an aircraft. It's... It is flying past. It is a long shape. I cannot identify more than that. It's coming for me right now." His last words were: "It is not an aircraft." An intensive sea search at the time found no trace of the plane or 20-year-old Valentich, who months earlier had accessed confidential RAAF reports about UFO sightings.

Frederick Valentich
Frederick Valentich had about 150 total hours flying time and held a class four instrument rating which authorized him to fly at night but only "in visual meteorological conditions". He had twice applied to enlist in the Royal Australian Air Force but was rejected because of inadequate educational qualifications. He was a member of the Air Training Corps, determined to have a career in aviation. Valentich was studying part-time to become a commercial pilot but had a poor achievement record, having twice failed all five commercial license examination subjects, and as recently as the previous month had failed three more commercial license subjects. He had been involved in flying incidents, straying into a controlled zone in Sydney, for which he received a warning, and twice deliberately flying into cloud, for which prosecution was being considered. According to his father Guido, Frederick was an ardent believer in UFOs and worried about attacks from UFOs.

On May 16, 1983, the Cessna cowl flap, with partial serial numbers matching the 182L model, was found some 320km from Cape Otway, and prompted hope the mystery would finally be solved. However, Steve Robey, the air traffic controller who spoke to Valentich on that fateful evening, doesn’t believe it’s from the same Cessna, registration VH-DSJ.

Another option Mr Robey doesn’t discount is that Valentich was indeed taken by a UFO or interfered with by an unidentified craft. He cites the dozens of UFO sightings and reports of unexplained lights both immediately before and after the Valentich disappearance that night. In another strange coincidence, Mr Robey said he was working at air traffic control about five days later and another light aircraft pilot radioed him during a navigational flight above East Sale and reported being passed three times by an intensely bright light travelling at jet speed, coming close enough to force him to land his aircraft.


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The Dorchester Pot

Based on an article from the Boston Transcript which published by a local paper "Scientific American" on June 5, 1852, a metal vase-like object called the Dorchester Pot was recovered in two pieces after an explosion used to break up rock at Meeting House Hill, in Dorchester, Massachusetts. The Scientific American describes the artifact as “an antique metal vessel perhaps made by Tubal Cain, the first inhabitant of Dorchester.” However, the Roxbury Conglomerate, from which this pot is alleged to have come, has been dated as having accumulated between 570 and 593 million years ago and during the Ediacaran Period.

Scientific American Volume 7 Issue 38 (June 5, 1852): "A few days ago a powerful blast was made in the rock at Meeting House Hill, in Dorchester, a few rods south of rev. Mr. Hall's meeting House. The blast threw out an immense mass of rock, some of the pieces weighing several tons and scattered small fragments in all directions. Among them was picked up a metallic vessel in two parts, rent assunder by the explosion. On putting the two parts together it formed a bell-shaped vessel, 4.5 inches high, 6.5 inches at the base, 2.5 inches at the top, and about an eight of an inch in thickness. The body of this vessel resembles zinc in color, or a composition metal, in which there is a considerable portion of silver. On the sides therea are six figures of a flower, or bouquet, beautifully inlaid with pure silver, and around the lower part of the vessel a vine, or wreath, inlaid also with silver. The chasing, carving, and inlaying are exquisitely done by the art of some cunning workman.

The Dorchester pot

This curious and unknown vessel was blown out of the solid pudding stone, 15 feet below the surface. It is now in the possession of Mr. John Kettell. Dr. J.V.C. Smith, who has recently travelled in the East, and examined hundreds of curious domestic utensils, and has drawings of them, has never seen anything resembling this. He has taken a drawing and accurate dimensions of it, to be submitted to the scientific..."

Some Young Earth creationists regard the Dorchester Pot as having been manufactured by an ancient civilization that predated the Great Flood (Noachian Flood).

Scientific American Volume 7 Issue 38 (June 5, 1852) [pp. 297-304];

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The Greenbrier Ghost Case

The Greenbrier Ghost Case may be the only case in American History which the word of a ghost helped to solve a crime and convict a murderer. In 1897 a young woman named Elva Zona Hester Shue was found dead in her home near Greenbrier, West Virginia. Her neck was broken, and it was assumed that she fell down the stairs. However, she had been strangled by her husband, Erasmus Stribbling Trout Shue. According to local legend, after Zona was buried, her ghost came to her mother in dreams to expose the murdering husband. She said that Shue was a cruel man who abused her, and who had attacked her in a fit of rage when he believed that she had cooked no meat for dinner. He broke her neck; to prove this, the ghost turned her head around until it was facing backwards. Supposedly, the ghost appeared first as a bright light, gradually taking form and filling the room with a chill. She is said to have visited Mrs. Heaster over the course of four nights. She would awaken her mother from her sleep and explain over and over again how her husband had murdered her.

A short time later, Mary Jane went to the local prosecutor, John Alfred Preston, so that she could convince him to re-open the investigation into Zona’s death. She offered the visitations from her daughter’s spirit as evidence that a miscarriage of justice was taking place. By all accounts, Preston was both polite and sympathetic to Mrs. Heaster. The two of them spoke together for "several hours" and at the end of the meeting, Preston agreed to dispatch deputies to speak with the local doctor and coroner, Dr. George W. Knapp and a few others involved in the case. While it seems unlikely that he was willing to take another look at the case because of the statement of a ghost, the investigation did get re-opened. Local newspapers reported that Mrs. Heaster was not the only one in the community who was suspicious about Zona’s death. There were also "certain citizens" who had started to ask questions, as well as the growing "rumors in the community".
Preston himself went out to Richlands to see Dr. Knapp, who admitted that his examination of the dead woman had been incomplete. The two of them agreed that an autopsy would clear things up and would confirm or deny the lingering suspicions. It would also give them a better idea of how Zona Shue died and lift suspicions from Trout, if indeed he was innocent.

The autopsy lasted for three hours with the doctors working under the uncertain light of kerosene lanterns. The body of the dead woman was "in a near state of perfect preservation" though, thanks to the cold temperatures of February, making their work that much easier. A jury of five men had been assembled to watch the proceedings and they huddled together in the barely warm building with officers of the court, Trout Shue, Andy Jones (the boy who had found the body) and other witnesses and spectators.

The autopsy was carried out by the standard methods, which meant that an examination of the vital organs came first. After that, the doctors cut an incision along the back of the skull so that the brain could be removed. This step was not taken in the case of Zona Shue however, as the doctors quickly found what they were looking for. "We have found your wife’s neck to have been broken," one of the physicians spoke to Trout Shue. His head dropped and an expression of despair crossed over his face.

"They cannot prove that I did it," he whispered.

It may seem odd that the broken neck was not found immediately and or that it was not more evident on the skin’s surface, but doctors will tell you that this is one of the most difficult injuries to detect. It makes it harder to tell in a corpse because the human head is naturally heavy in comparison to the body. When the muscles of the dead person are relaxed, the head tends to flop about. In addition, the first vertebra is located deep inside of the neck, directly under the skull. This makes it hard to find and it would have been that much harder for rural physicians in the late 1800’s.

The autopsy findings were quite damning to Shue. A report on March 9 said that "the discovery was made that the neck was broken and the windpipe mashed. On the throat were the marks of fingers indicating that she had been choken, the neck was dislocated between the first and second vertebrae. The ligaments were torn and ruptured. The windpipe had been crushed at a point in front of the neck."

The findings were made public at once, upsetting many in the community. Shue was arrested and charged with murder. He was locked up in small stone jail on Washington Street in Lewisburg.

Zona’s mother succeeded in bringing the man to trial. The ghost’s testimony was actually admitted as evidence. Trout Shue was convicted and sent to prison for life. He died in jail in 1900. The Greenbrier Ghost is one of the rare cases where a ghost went to court. Zona’s ghost never came back once justice was done.

Mysteries, Legends, And Unexplained Phenomena " Ghosts and Haunted Places" by Rosemary Ellen Guiley;

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Legend of Kamaitachi

Kamaitachi is a Japanese yōkai (ghost / phantom) often told about in the Kōshin'etsu region, or can also refer to the strange events that this creature causes. Kamaitachi travel and attack in threes, striking out at people from thin air. They appear riding on dust devils, and they cut people using the nails on both their hands that are like sickles. One would receive a sharp wound from it, but there is no pain. In East Japan, they are also said to be the work of a mantis or longhorn beetle's ghost. In the western parts of Japan, kamaitachi are called "kazakama", and said to slice off people's skins, and there is no pain the instants after it is scraped off, but after a while a hard to bear pain and bleeding would start to occur, and it is said that one could protect against this by obtaining an old calendar in one's hand.

Kamaitachi are most common depicted as working large as a trio of siblings. They attack their prey, one after another. The first rides upon a whirlwind, striking down the prey and disorientating it. The Second attacks with its claws, cutting deep wounds in the prey. The Third then cleans the wound by licking up the blood (In some stories it applies healing ointment). After the attack, the prey is left with clean, yet painful wounds, a great sense of confusion and fear from having no idea what just happened and lacking any food they may had been carrying on their person.
One theory about the kamaitachi’s origin is that it is only a joke: a play on words based on a sword fighting stance known as kamae-tachi. However, legends of invisible beasts that ride the wind and attack humans in a similar manner are found in all regions of Japan, and the sickle weasel remains a popular explanation for these incidents throughout the country.

"Kamaitachi" from the Kyōka Hyaku Monogatari
by Masasumi Ryūkansaijin
In the eastern part of the Aichi Prefecture, they are also called idzuna , and it is said that since an idzuna-user once forgot to tell his disciple about how to seal an idzuna, the runaway idzuna would ride on whirlwinds and attack people in order to suck their living blood. It is said that the reason why no blood comes from the wounds from a kamaitachi is because the blood is being sucked away.

In the Tōhoku region, when one receives an injury from a kamaitachi, it is said that by burning an old calendar black, and putting it upon the would opening, it would heal.

In the Yoshio District area of the Nara Prefecture, it is said that when one gets bit by a kamaitachi invisible to the human eye, one would tumble over, even though no blood comes out, there is a big opening in the flesh.

In Hida, in the Niu River basin, they are said in legends to be a company of 3 evil gods, and the first god would knock down the person, the next god would cut with a blade, and the third god would put some medicine on it which is why it has such particular characters as the fact that there no bleeding, or no pain. There are also regions that think of these three gods as parent and child, and brother weasels.

In the mountainous regions of Kōchi Prefecture and Tokushima Prefecture among other areas of West Japan, encountering sucha strange event is called "being cut by a nogama ("wild sickle")," and they are said to be the deeds of grass-cutting sickles that have been left and forgotten on fields and have ended up turning into yōkai,and they are also said to be a sickle's vengeful spirit (onryō) that has turned it into a tsukumogami (a receptacle that has turned into yōkai). In the Iya region, Tokushima Prefecture, it is said that sickles and hoes used for digging the hole in a funeral, if left for 7 days without taking it back, would turn into a nogama, and when one encounters a nogama, it is said that one should chant, "beneath the feet on the bottom-left of Buddha, is the stump of a kurotake [a specie of bamboo], and quickly became clean, but let it grow back.

Around 1890, surreal events began taking place in Japan, mainly in the area of Kamakura, Yamanouchi Ken.
Men walking in fields, at home, or in the open would suddenly feel a strong wind and be knocked over. When they stood, the victims found wounds in their legs. The injuries were narrow slits approximately 1”-1½” long and about an inch deep, and had no apparent cause. At first painless and bloodless, after about a half hour the wounds began to bleed and the pain intensified. It was also reported that the injuries were very difficult to heal. While scientists at the time attempted to explain the phenomenon, local villagers were convinced the cause was due to an invisible monster.


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The Leopard Men

In West Africa, particularly in Nigeria and Sierra Leone, a leopard cult has existed for many centuries, wherein its members, believing that they have shape-shifted into leopards, kill by slashing and mauling their human prey with steel claws and knives. And then, they drink the blood and eat the flesh of human victims as if they were truly in the form of leopards. The cultists believe that a magical elixir known as borfima, which they brew from boiling their victim’s intestines, grants them superhuman powers and enables them to transform themselves into leopards.

The Bati Yeli also known as the executioner, wears the ritual leopard mask and a leopard skin robe. It is customary that the sacrifice be performed at one of the Leopard cult’s jungle shrines, but if circumstances demand a more immediate shedding of blood, the rite may be conducted with the ceremonial two-pronged steel claw anywhere at all. Those who believe that they can shape-shift into leopards by drinking human blood and eating human flesh have fallen victim to spiritual parasites that require human sacrifice.

Illustration of Leopard Men
In the 1930's members of the Anyoto tribe belonging to a secret society of leopard men went on a killing spree in the Belgian Congo. Dressed in costumes of bark painted with black and yellow spots they stalked their enemies in the jungle slaughtering them with claw-shaped knifes.

The first serious outbreak of leopard-cult murders in Sierra Leone and Nigeria occurred shortly after World War I. Many of its members were captured and executed, and the white administrators believed that they had crushed the cult. However, the leopard men simply went underground, continuing to perform ritual murders sporadically every year over the next two decades.

In the 1940s, the leopard men became bold, and there were 48 cases of murder and attempted murder committed by the leopard cult in 1946 alone. The sacrifices continued during the first seven months of 1947, when there were 43 known ritual killings performed by the leopard cult.

Early in 1947, when District Officer Terry Wilson discovered that leopard men had begun killing young women in his jurisdiction, he raided the house of a local chief named Nagogo. In the chief’s dwelling, Wilson found a leopard mask, a leopard-skin robe, and a steel claw. Acting on a tip from an informer, Wilson ordered his police officers to dig near the chief’s house, where they found the remains of 13 victims. The chief was put in prison to await trial, and Wilson set out on a determined mission to squelch the leopard men’s reign of terror.

The native inhabitants of the region lost all confidence in the police and their ability to stop the killings by the powerful leopard men. Even some of Wilson’s men had come to believe that the cultists truly possessed the ability to shape-shift into leopards and to fade unseen into the shadows.

One night in mid-August 1947, Wilson and his 12 men hid in the jungle. And he ordered one of his best men walk on the path to a village where several slayings had taken place. However, his plan were ruined when a tall man in leopard robes charged at him with a large club. But before Wilson and the other officers could arrive on the scene, the cultist had smashed in the officer’s skull and fled into the bushes. District Officer Wilson had lost one of his best men, but as he was about to have some officers take the constable’s body to the compound he had a sudden hunch that the attacker might return to the scene of the crime. When the other officers left to search the neighboring villages, Wilson hid himself behind some bushes overlooking the trail.

Around midnight, a nightmarish figure crawling on all fours emerged from the jungle, leaped on the young constable’s corpse, and began clawing at his face like a leopard. Wilson caught the glint of a two-pronged steel claw in the moonlight. The leopard man had returned to complete the cult ritual of sacrifice. When Wilson advanced, the robed cultist snarled at him as if he were truly a leopard. When he came at him with the two-pronged claw, immediately Wilson shot him in the chest. It's obvious that they were only men, not an invincible supernatural being. Witnesses began to come forward in great numbers with clues to the identity of cult members and the possible location of a secret jungle shrine. The shrine itself was found deep in the jungle, hidden and protected by a large boulder. The cult’s altar was a flat stone slab that was covered with dark bloodstains. Human bones were strewn over the ground. A grotesque effigy of a half-leopard, halfman towered above the gory altar.

In February 1948, 73 initiated members of the cult were arrested and sent to prison. Eventually, 39 of them were sentenced to death and hanged in Abak Prison. Their executions were witnessed by a number of local tribal chiefs who could testify to their villages that the leopard men were not immortal. Although the defiant strength of the leopard men was broken in 1948, inhabitants of the region are well aware that the cult still exists as a secret society with a shrine hidden in the jungle.

Real Vampires, Night Stalkers and Creatures from the Darkside by Brad Steiger;
The Gale Encyclopedia of the Unusual and Unexplained by Brad Steiger and Sherry Hansen Steiger;

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The Cheltenham Haunting

For more than 90 years, a house in Cheltenham called the Donore House (now St. Anne) which was built for Henry Swinhoe in 1860 was the site of a haunting by a female apparition. The house located on the corner of All Saints Road and Pitville Circus Road. The haunting known as the Morton Case or the Cheltenham Haunting, was investigated by Frederick W.H. Myers, one of the founders of the then fledgling Society for Physical Research (SPR), and is considered one of the best-documented hauntings in the SPR archives. The majority of the sightings occurred between 1882 and 1889, but the phantom was viewed independently by at least 17 persons.

Swinhoe's first wife died in 1866. He remarried in 1869, but his new wife, Imogen Hutchins Swinhoe, left him shortly before his death in 1876, in part because instead of giving her his first wife's jewelry, he hid it in a safe under the living room floor. Imogen, who died two years after her husband, never returned to the house while she was still alive; however, she is thought to be the one who returned to haunt the house.

After Mr. Swinhoe's death, the house's next lessee, a Mr. L., died six months after moving in. The Cheltenham house sat empty for the next four years. Until April 1882, retired Army captain Frederick William Despard, aged fifty-three, his forty-six-year-old wife Harriet, together with their seven children, Freda (20), Rosina (19), Edith (18), Lillian (15), Henry (16), Mable (13) and Wilfred (6), moving in. They moved from Lansdown Road in Cheltenham, the town where they had been living for the previous half dozen or so years. 

Donore House (Now St. Anne)
Although paranormal phenomena had apparently occurred earlier, hauntings now began in earnest, with 19-year-old Rosina Despard (later Rosina Morton) being the one who most often saw the spectre: a tall woman, dressed in black, holding a handkerchief over part of her face (which made positive identification impossible). The ghost often passed down the stairs; she almost always paused in the living room before moving down the hall to the door to the garden, where she disappeared. On at least one occasion, one of the Despard daughters saw her in the garden. The phantom appeared to be solid and aware of her surroundings (moving around furniture, for example), but she never acknowledged anyone's attempt to communicate with her.

Eventually, almost everyone in the household saw the figure, including, apparently, the family dogs, who often howled or shrank in fear even when no apparition was visible. In addition to the human apparition, the house experienced the traditional knocks and bumps in the night.

In 1885, the Despard home was investigated by Frederic W.H. Myers of the Society for Psychical Research. (Rosina had published her own experiences in the society's journal the previous year.) At Myers's suggestion, Rosina attempted to take photographs of the spirit, but none produced a recognizable image.

Sightings slowed after 1887 and stopped completely two years later. The Despards moved in 1893. After a boys'school leased the property in 1898, the ghost returned, sometimes appearing in daylight to walk from the garden and down a path. The school closed shortly thereafter, and until the house was renovated and converted into apartments in 1973, no tenant stayed at the property for more than a few years (although ghost sightings were never given as a reason for departure). Interestingly, ghosts have been seen elsewhere in Cheltenham, and at least two were similar to the Despard apparition. All of these phantoms appeared in structures dating back to the time that the Despards lived in Cheltenham.

The Complete Idiot's Guide to Ghosts and Hauntings by Tom Ogden

Extreme Hauntings: Britain's Most Terrifying Ghosts by Paul Adams, Eddie Brazil

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The Rain of Blood Phenomenon

The rain of blood or the Blood rain is an unusual events and considered bad omens in Antiquity, and this belief persisted through the Middle Ages and well into the Early modern period. Occurrences of blood rain throughout history are distributed from the ancient, to the modern day. The earliest literary instance is in Homer's Iliad, in which Zeus twice caused a rain of blood, on one occasion to warn of slaughter in a battle. The same portent occurs in the work of the poet Hesiod, writing around 700 BC; The author John Tatlock suggests that Hesiod's story may have been influenced by that recorded in the Iliad. The first-century Greek biographer Plutarch also recounts a tradition of a rain of blood during the reign of Romulus, founder of Rome. Roman authors Livy and Pliny record some later cases of blood rain, with Livy describing it as a bad portent.

In July 1841 enslaved workers in a field in Wilson County, Tennessee, reported that just before noon a small red cloud suddenly appeared in an otherwise clear sky; from the cloud fell a shower of “blood,muscular fibre, adipose matter,” in the words of a local physician,W. P. Sayle, who examined it at the site. Enclosing some samples, Sayle wrote to a professor of chemistry at the University of Nashville:

"The particles I send you I gathered with my own hands. The extent of surface over which it spread and the regular manner it exhibited on some green tobacco leaves, leave very little or no doubt of its having fallen like a shower of rain. . . . I have sent what I think to be a drop of blood, the other particles composed of muscle and fat, although the proportion of the shower appeared to be a much larger quantity of blood than of other properties."

Another physician, G.W. Bassett of Virginia, recounted this event in the spring of 1850 in a letter to a colleague:

"About four p.m. yesterday, being Good Friday, a small cloud passed over Mr. Chas. H. Clarke and several of my servants, a few paces from the south bank of the Pamunkey River in the lower end of Hanover County, Virginia, on the estate called Farmington, and discharged around the parties, over a surface of something less than a rood of ground, various pieces of flesh and liver, too well defined in each sort to allow any mistake in their character. I gathered this morning from the spot, from four to six ounces, distributed over the above-mentioned surface. The pieces picked up at the remotest points, in a line from N.W. to S.E.,were about 25 paces from each other. One would weigh near an ounce. The direction of the cloud was from N.E. to S.W., as described by Mr. Clarke,who is a gentleman of intelligence and established credibility. Mr. Brown, with myself, visited the spot this morning and all aided in picking up 15 to 20 pieces which I have by me at this moment and from which I send you a sample and desire it may be passed over to Dr. Gibson, that he may ascertain what sort of flesh it is. The flesh and liver are in a perfect state at this moment and the latter part I shall put in alcohol for the future inspection of the curious."

A similarly grisly rain is said to have taken place the previous February 15 in Simpson County,North Carolina,where pieces of flesh, liver, brains, and blood, all looking fresh, fell out of a red cloud and splattered over an area thirty feet wide and 250 to 300 yards long.

According to the San Francisco Herald of July 24, 1851, blood and flesh, with pieces ranging in size from a pigeon’s egg to a small orange, descended in a two- to three-minute shower on an Army station at Benicia, California, covering a spot of ground thirty yards wide and 300 yards long.

One Sunday in July 1869 blood reportedly fell out of a clear sky and landed on two acres of a corn field near Los Angeles. Those who saw it — a funeral party that included members of the clergy — had no doubt that the substance was blood. Not only was it a thick, vivid red, but it contained hairs and portions of organs. It is easier to believe that stories like these are wholly fictitious than it is to credit complacent assertions that the fallen material was really water colored from dust or plant matter. Here, after all, we have rational, educated witnesses.

These,moreover, are not the only such stories. A vividly red and bloodlike rain during a storm on October 16 and 17, 1846, caused widespread terror among French witnesses. A chemist who studied the material under a microscope noted a “great quantity of corpuscles.” Rather more specifically, after a red stuff rained on Messignadi, Calabria, the Italian Meteorological Bureau identified it as bird’s blood.

On March 8, 1876, “flakes of meat” came down out of the sky to land on a Bath County,Kentucky, field, and one brave witness tasted a “perfectly fresh” sample. It reminded him, according to Scientific American (March 1876), of “mutton or venison.” This widely reported event sparked some considerable controversy and soon fell victim to two conventional, contradictory, and unconvincing explanations.

One was that the material was nostoc (blue-green algae) that had been there on the ground all along but sprouted in the wake of a rain; in fact, the sky was clear during the fall. The second averred the material to be buzzard vomit, even though it fell in thick volume, consisted of numerous flakes from one to four inches square, and covered ground, trees, and fences on a strip of land 100 yards long and fifty yards wide.

In 1888, after a red rain fell on the Mediterranean region on two occasions twelve days apart, samples were burned, leaving a strong and persistent “odor of animal matter,” according to the French scientific journal L’Astronomie.

A rare 20th-century instance was recorded in Sao Paulo,Brazil, newspapers on August 30, 1968, describing a meat and blood shower on two small towns between Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. According to a terse statement from a law-enforcement officer:

"The pieces of flesh were found lying at distances of half a meter apart, their size varying between lengths of 5 cm. and 20 cm. The meat was of a spongy texture and violet in color, and was accompanied by drops of blood. The sky at the time was quite clear. No aircraft had been seen just prior to, during, or after the event, nor were there any birds in the sky."
On 25 July to 23 September 2001, the rain of blood phenomenon occurred on Kerala - known as The Kerala red rain phenomenon - when heavy downpours of red-coloured rain fell sporadically on the southern Indian state of Kerala, staining clothes pink. Yellow, green, and black rain was also reported. Coloured rain was also reported in Kerala in 1896 and several times since, most recently in June 2012.

Following a light microscopy examination, it was initially thought that the rains were coloured by fallout from a hypothetical meteor burst, but a study commissioned by the Government of India concluded that the rains had been coloured by airborne spores from locally prolific terrestrial algae.

It was not until early 2006 that the coloured rains of Kerala gained widespread attention when the popular media reported that Godfrey Louis and Santhosh Kumar of the Mahatma Gandhi University in Kottayam proposed a controversial argument that the coloured particles were extraterrestrial cells. Blood rains were also reported from 15 November 2012 to 27 December 2012 occasionally in eastern and north-central provinces of Sri Lanka, where scientists from the Sri Lanka Medical Research Institute (MRI) are investigating to ascertain their cause

Unexplained: "Strange Sightings, Incredible Occurences & Puzzling Physical Phenomena" by Jerome Clark
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300-Million-Years-Old Screw Found In Russia

In 1998, Russian scientists examined a piece of rock which enclosed an iron screw when they were investigating an area 300 km southwest of Moscow on the remains of a meteorite. Geologists estimate that the age of the rock is 300-320 million years. At that time there were not only intelligent life forms on earth, not even dinosaurs did not appear on its surface. Scientists initially thought that the screw was in a farm machine. But the screw was firmly fixed in the rock.

This finding has been studied intensively in various scientific institutions of Russia - from geologists, physicists, paleontologists, mineralogists and proved that the screw was in the sediment before it is mounted on a rock. All experts who examined this artifact are convinced that the screw has been artificially constructed and not a product of a natural process. Evidence shows that the iron atoms of the screw and the silicon atoms of the rock have in fact spread and fused, suggesting the screw is by no means a recent addition to the rock.

The 300 Million Years Old Screw

X-ray studies also ruled out the possibility that it is a fossil crinoidea trunk, because its size is larger than the specimens of marine animals.


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Mysterious Shining Whirlpool at Wedi Ombo Beach

Residents around Wedi Ombo Beach, Girisubo, Gunung Kidul in Central Java, Indonesia, startled by the appearance of a whirlpool which emits light from the middle of the ocean. The mysterious light appear for two consecutive days since Sunday (11/09/2014). Sunu Handaka Bayu, one of the members of Search and Rescue Teams of Wedi Ombo Beach, said that the first light was seen by Sudadi. At that time, Sudadi, which is also the SAR Team personnel, was on guard and saw a whirlpool in the middle of the ocean with shiny white light.

According to Sunu, the location of the whirlpool is about 500 meters from the beach. Shaped like a top, in the form of a vortex that emit great white light. On Monday night (11/10/2014) the strange phenomenon reappeared. This time it appears around 07:30 pm until 09:00 pm. "At first, local residents who have not seen it does not believe, then the second day when it appears again they were shocked because they never seen it before," he said.

Aerial view of Wedi Ombo Beach
After the mysterious shining whirlpool appear for two days, on Tuesday night, the SAR team and local residents including some journalists deliberately waiting at Wedi Ombo Beach. However, until 21:00 pm, it does not appear again.

In fact, after coordination with the other SAR team, near Wedi Ombo Beach, two days ago, none of them were saw the white light from the sea. "So, the mysterious light only appear on Wedi Ombo Beach because the other SAR team did not see it," he said.

Until now, the mysterious events can not be explained scientifically. Some species of single-celled plankton called dinoflagellates glowing when disturbed. Tide, storm, swimming marine life and ships passing by can cause large amounts of plankton to produce light simultaneously. However, the light which produced by the plankton does not too bright.


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